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Seminar Guide - Race & the Law

American Law & Legal History

Muneer I. Ahmad, A Rage Shared by Law: September 11 Racial Violence as Crimes of Passion, 92 Cal. L. Rev. 1259 (2004)

Devon W. Carbado, (E)racing the Fourth Amendment, 100 Mich. L. Rev. 946 (2002)

Pat K. Chew & Robert E. Kelley, Myth of the Color-Blind Judge: an Empirical Analysis of Racial Harassment Cases, 86 Wash. U. L. Rev. 1117 (2009)

Kimberle W. Crenshaw, Race, Reform, and Retrenchment: Transformation and Legitimation in Antidiscrimination Law, 101 Harv. L. Rev. 1331 (1988)

Barbara J. Flagg, Enduring Principle: On Race, Process and Constitutional Law, 83 Cal. L. Rev. 935 (1994)

Barbara J. Flagg, "Was Blind, but Now I See": White Race Consciousness and the Requirement of Discriminatory Intent, 91 Mich. L. Rev. 953 (1993)

Neil Gotanda, A Critique of “Our Constitution is Color Blind,” 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1 (1991)

Gil Gott, The Devil We Know: Racial Subordination and National Security Law, 50 Vill. L. Rev. 1073 (2005)

Ariela Gross, Litigating Whiteness: Trials of Racial Determination in the Nineteenth Century South, 108 Yale L.J. 109 (1998)

Lani Guinier, Demosprudence Through Dissent, 122 Harv. L. Rev. 4 (2008)

Murad Hussain, Defending the Faithful: Speaking the Language of Group Harm in Free Exercise Challenges to Counterterrorism Profiling, 117 Yale L.J. 920 (2008)

Darren Lenard Hutchinson, Preventing Balkanization or Facilitating Racial Domination? A Critique of the New Equal Protection, 2014

Gregory S. Parks et al., Debate, Implicit Race Bias and the 2008 Presidential Election: Much Ado About Nothing?, 157 U. PA. L. Rev. Pennumbra 210 (2009)

John Powell, As Justice Requires/Permits: The Delimitation of Harmful Speech in a Democratic Society, 16 Law & Ineq. 97 (1998)

Shirin Sinnar, Questioning Law Enforcement: The First Amendment and Counterterrorism Interviews, 77 Brooklyn L. Rev. 41 (2011)

Tseming Yang, Race, Religion, and Cultural Identity: Reconciling the Jurisprudence of Race and Religion, 73 Ind. L.J. 119 (1997)

Critical Race Theory

Towards a Bibliography of Critical Whiteness Studies, Center on Democracy in a Multiracial Society, 2006

Richard Delgado & Jean Stefancic, Four Observations About Hate Speech, 44 Wake Forest L. Rev. 353 (2009)

Richard Delgado & Jean Stefancic, Images of the Outsider in American Law and Culture: Can Free Expression Remedy Systemic Social Ills?, 77 Cornell L. Rev. 1258 (1992)

Ian F. Haney Lopez, The Social Construction of Race: Some Observations on Illusion, Fabrication, and Choice, 29 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 1 (1994)

Lisa C. Ikemoto, Traces of the Master Narrative in the Story of African American/Korean American Conflict: How We Constructed "Los Angeles", 66 S. Cal. L. Rev. 1581 (1993)

Randall L. Kennedy, Racial Critiques of Legal Academia, 102 Harv. L. Rev. 1745 (1989)

Charles R. Lawrence III, Forward: Race, Multiculturalism, and the Jurisprudence of Transformation, 47 Stan. L. Rev. 819 (1995)

Eric K. Yamamoto & Jen-L W. Lyman, Racializing Environmental Justice, 72 U. Colo. L. Rev. 311 (2001)

Immigration & Citizenship

Racial & Gender Discrimination

Nina Farnia, Law's Inhumanities: Peripheral Racialization and the Early Development of an Iranian Race, 31 Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 455 (2011)

Camille Gear Rich, Elective Race: Recognizing Race Discrimination in the Era of Racial Self-Identification, 102 Georgetown L.J. 1501 (2014)

Mitu Gulati & Devon W. Carbado, The Fifth Black Woman, 11 J. Contemporary Legal Issues 701 (2001)

Gerald Torres, Sex Lex: Creating a Discourse, 46 Tulsa L. Rev. 45 (2010)

Religion & Religious Minorities

Measuring the State of Muslim-West Relations: Assessing the "New Beginning", Abu Dhabi Gallup Center, November 2010

Symposium, The Face of Islam: The Perception of Muslims in America, 11 U. Md. L.J. Race, Religion, Gender & Class 89 (2011)

Arshad Imtiaz Ali, A Threat Enfleshed: Muslim College Students Situate Their Identities Amidst Portrayals of Muslim Violence and Terror, 27 International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education 1243 (2014)

Wajahat Ali et al., Fear, Inc.: The Roots of the Islamophobia Network in America, Center for American Progress, August 2011

Sahar F. Aziz, From the Oppressed to the Terrorist: Muslim American Women Caught in the Crosshairs of Intersectionality, 9 Hastings Race & Pov. L.J. 1 (2012)

Sahar F. Aziz, The Muslim "Veil" Post-9/11: Rethinking Women's Rights and Leadership, November 2012

Sahar F. Aziz, Sticks and Stones, the Words That Hurt: Entrenched Stereotypes Eight Years After 9/11, 13 N.Y. City L. Rev. 33 (2009)

Moustafa Bayoumi, Racing Religion, 6 CR: The New Centennial Review 267 (2006)

Sheryll Cashin, To be Muslim or "Muslim-Looking" in America: A Comparative Exploration of Racial and Religious Prejudice in the 21st Century, 2 Duke Forum for Law & Social Change 125 (2010)

Ilir Disha, Historical Events and Spaces of Hate: Hate Crimes Against Arabs and Muslims in Post-9/11 America, 58 Social Problems 21 (2011)

Hilal Elver, Racializing Islam Before and After 9/11: From Melting Pot to Islamophobia21 Transnat'l L. & Contemp. Probs. 119 (2012)

Neil Gotanda, The Racialization of Islam in American Law, 637 Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science 184 (2011)

Hera Hashmi, Too Much to Bare? A Comparative Analysis of the Headscarf in France, Turkey, and the United States, 10 U. Md. L.J. Race Relig. Gender & Class 409 (2010)

Maha Hilal, "Too Damn Muslim to be Trusted": The War on Terror and the Muslim American Response, American University, 2014

Aziz Z. Huq, The Signaling Function of Religious Speech in Domestic Counterterrorism, 89 Tex. L. Rev. 833 (2011)

Saeed A. Khan et al., Manufacturing Bigotry: a State-by-State Legislative Effort to Pushback Against 2050 by Targeting Muslims and Other Minorities, Institute for Social Policy and Understanding, 2014

David Smith, Presumed Suspect: Post-9/11 Intelligence Gathering, Race, and the First Amendment, 11 UCLA J. Islamic & Near E.L. 85 (2012)

Other Resources

Michael D. Murray, "Chapter 7: Oral Advocacy at Pretrial, Trial and Appellate Stages", Adversarial Legal Writing and Oral Argument, Foundation Press, 2006, available in the Law Library at KF250 .M877 2006