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Basic Legal Citations

Legal Case Citation Format

Here is an example of a legal case citation broken down by its parts:

230 S.W.3d 88

230 = the volume number

S.W.3d = the name of the reporter (S.W., which stands for Southwestern) and its series number (3d)

88 = the page on which the case begins

Legal Case Reporters - Federal

Full Title Jurisdiction
U.S. United States Reports (Official Edition) U.S. Supreme Court
S. Ct. Supreme Court Reporter (West Pub.) U.S. Supreme Court
L. Ed., L. Ed. 2d Supreme Court Reports Lawyer's Ed. (Lexis) U.S. Supreme Court
F., F.2d, F.3d Federal Reporter (West Pub.) U.S. Court of Appeals
F. App'x Federal Appendix (West Pub.)

U.S. Court of Appeals - unpublished decisions

F. Supp., F. Supp. 2d Federal Supplement (West Pub.) U.S. District Courts
Fed. Cl. Federal Claims Reporter (West Pub.) U.S. Court of Federal Claims
B.R. Bankruptcy Reporter (West Pub.) U.S. Bankruptcy Courts
T.R. Tax Reporter (West Pub.) U.S. Tax Courts
M.J. Military Justice Reporter (West Pub.) U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces; Military Service Courts of Criminal Appeals
F.R.D. Federal Rules Decisions (West Pub.) U.S. District Courts - interpretations of federal procedural rules
Vet. App. Veterans Appeals Reporter (West Pub.) U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims

Legal Case Reporters - State

Abbreviation Title Jurisdiction
A., A.2d Atlantic Reporter Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, District of Columbia
Cal. Rptr., Cal. Rptr. 2d California Reporter California Courts
N.Y.S., N.Y.S.2d New York Supplement New York Courts
N.E., N.E.2d North Eastern Reporter Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio
N.W., N.W.2d North Western Reporter Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
P., P.2d, P.3d Pacific Reporter Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming
S.E., S.E.2d South Eastern Reporter Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia
So., So.2d Southern Reporter Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi
S.W., S.W.2d, S.W. 3d South Western Reporter Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Tennessee, Texas